11 March 2019

สมุดภาพแห่งความทรงจำ

สมุดภาพแห่งความทรงจำ จารึกประวัติศาสตร์ ๑๔ ตุลา ในวาระครบร ๓๖ ปี ๑๔ ตุลา ('photobook of memories thirty-six years after 14th October') was published in 2009. The book includes more than 1,000 images (including newspaper front pages), providing a comprehensive visual archive of the 14th October 1973 demonstration and massacre in Bangkok. It also includes บันทึกไว้ในประวัติศาสตร์ ('recorded in history'), a CD with five songs inspired by the event, which was first released as a 7" EP in 1973.

Several other albums and singles have been recorded in commemoration of the 14th October incident. Phanom Suksaeng's single 14 ตุลาคม เลือดไทยสามัคคี ('14th October: Thai blood and unity') was released shortly after the event. The band Caravan contributed to the album รวมบทเพลงเพื่อชีวิต 14 ตุลาคม 16 ('compilation of songs for life: 14th October '73'). Caravan's albums ตุลา-คม ('sharp October') and 30 ปี คีตนุกรม 14 ตุลา ('30 years: collection of 14th October songs') mark the twenty-fifth and thirtieth anniversaries of the protests, respectively. The album ตุลาธาร ๑๔ คน ๑๔ เพลง ต้องห้าม ('October: 14 people, 14 forbidden songs') also commemorates 14th October, though it includes one song—6 ตุลา ('6th October') by Pongsit Kampee—about the 6th October 1976 massacre. Euthana Mukdasanit adapted Kiss of the Spider Woman (จุมพิตนางพญาแมงมุม) as a stage musical in 2001, during which he projected archive footage of 14th October followed by a list of the victims.

Artists have also been inspired by the massacre. An exhibition of art inspired by the incident, 14 ตุลา ผ่านสายตาศิลปิน ('14th October through artists' eyes', 2003), included Chang Sae-tang's Portrait of Chang Sae-tang in 1973 (จิตรกรรมภาพเหมือน จ่าง แซ่ตั้ง ในปี 1973), depicting the artist's bloodstained face and chest. Pratuang Emjaroen's painting Dhama and Adhama (ธรรมะ-อธรรม) (1974) depicts bullet holes on the Buddha's face. Amnard Yensabye's painting ภาพคนเดือนตุลาคม 2516 (picture of October 1973) is a semi-abstract depiction of the massacre's chaotic aftermath. Sanya Wongaram's woodcut The Ten Days, which depicts soldiers and students, was inspired by press photographs of the massacre.

The United Artists’ Front of Thailand (แนวร่วมศิลปินแห่งประเทศไทย), formed in the aftermath of 14th October, organised an outdoor exhibition of political billboards along Bangkok’s Ratchadamnoen Avenue in 1975. The group promoted socially-conscious ‘art for life’ (‘ศิลปะเพื่อชีวิต’), in parallel with the ‘songs for life’ (‘เพลงเพื่อชีวิต’) movement of bands such as Caravan. (The ‘art for life’ slogan was inspired by Chit Phumisak’s book ศิลปะเพื่อชีวิต ศิลปะเพื่อประชาชน/‘art for life and art for the people’.) Two Artists’ Front retrospective exhibitions have been held at the Pridi Banomyong Institute, both featuring newly commissioned replicas of the 1975 billboards: Political Cut-out Artworks of the October Event (ภาพศิลปะคัทเอาท์การเมืองเดือนตุลา) in 2003 (curated by Nonglak Laowor) and ภาพคัตเอาท์การเมืองเดือนตุลา (‘October political billboard artworks’) from 3rd–20th October 2009.